Saturday, November 23, 2013

The hope of SUSY parousia

The new limit on the electric dipole moment (EDM) of the electron was published by the ACME collaboration a week ago, and the simplest explanation of the current data is that there are no superpartners up to at least ~10 TeV., making it even more unlikely to discover anything at LHC14. Yet, Jester (Résonaances, ) wrote, “Of course, this kind of arguments does not robustly exclude supersymmetry showing up at the energies achievable at the LHC. The supersymmetric model could have a more elaborate protection mechanism  (e.g. leading to a suppression by additional loop factors), or simply the CP violating phases could vanish because of the way how supersymmetry breaking is transferred to the observable sector (see here for one concrete example).” 

Facing with this kind of strong hope of SUSY parousia, Robert L. Oldershaw ( ) said, "But do we keep looking for ever-smaller EDM values forever? Is there some point at which we say there is probably no EDM and any model that predicts one is probably wrong?"

Oldershaw’s question is the most important issue of today in physics. Now, most of SUSY (with s-particle) devotees are making SUSY into a hope of parousia which ignores all  negative data and simply pushes SUSY into higher energy territory (from 1 Tev, to 10, 100 or even 1,000 Tev.) which has an open-end. Thus, the following data have no meaning to this SUSY parousia.

a.       For SUSY (with s-particles, such as Neutralino) --- no SUSY below 1 Tev was discovered at LHC, and it received a deadly blow by the LHCb data.
b.      For the other type WIMPs (LKP or sterile neutrinos, including Neutralino), the weak hints of DAMA/LIBRA, CRESST, CoGeNT and CDMS were in contradiction to the XENON100 and are now firmly ruled out by the LUX data.
c.        The direct search of DM at ATLAS has produced limits stronger than the XENON100. See ( , By Tommaso Dorigo, September 23rd 2013). 

     Note (update): In the article “There is no Majorana Fermion Dark Matter” (November 22, 2013, ), it wrote, "... show that the current LHC results exclude anapole dark matter with mass less than 100 GeV,..."

However, there is a way to address this open-end SYSY parousia. Today, the physics has two spheres, the Reality Sphere and the Speculative (Parousia) Sphere.
One: The Reality Sphere has at least three reality pillars,
        --- Reality pillar one (RP 1): the particle zoo of the Standard Model, and the Neff = 3.

        --- Reality pillar two (RP 2): Planck data (dark energy = 69.2; dark matter = 25.8; visible matter = 4.82)

        --- Reality pillar three (RP 3): SM parameters, such as, Cabibbo/Weinberg angles and Alpha.

Two: Speculative (Parousia) Sphere has three corresponding pillars
        --- Speculative pillar one (SP 1): in addition to the SM particle zoo, there is a zoo of s-particle (SUSY), and Neff > 3

        --- Speculative pillar two (SP 2): there are dark matter and the s-particles (SUSY) are the best candidates for the dark matter.

       --- Speculative pillar three (SP 3): in addition to this observable universe, there are other-universes (the multiverse) which have different nature constants.

This Parousia sphere can never be ruled out by any data. When a data (at an energy scale) rules out SUSY, it simply moves into a higher energy territory. When a data rules out SUSY from *this universe*, it simply moves into the other-universes. This SUSY Parousia is supported by two points.

i.                     All the realities pillars (RP1, RP2 and RP3) are test facts without any *theoretical base*, that is, they themselves have no constraining power over those speculative pillars.
ii.                   By definition, the multiverse cannot be tested in this universe. Thus, the multiverse hypothesis is invincible by any test data of this universe.

Thus, the only ways to crash this SUSY parousia are to smash its two supporting points. Thus, we need two steps.

Step one: we must find a theoretical base for all those realities pillars, that is, all those RPs are the emergent of that theory. With such a theoretical framework, it will have the power to rule in or out any SPs. And, now, such a theory is available.

For SP 1 (the String unification, the reproduction the particle zoo of the Standard Model), see “G-STRING AND DARK ENERGY ( )”.

For SP2 (the dark mass and dark energy), see “DARK ENERGY, MYSTERY NO MORE! ( )”, “BARKED UP THE WRONG TREES (M-THEORY AND SUSY) (about the dark mass, )” and “Why Does Dark Energy Make the Universe Accelerate? ( )”.

For SP3 (about SM parameters), see “NATURE’S MASTER-KEY CUTS OUT SUSY THE UNDEAD ( )” and “Litmus test for the final physics ( )”.

Step two: we must show that all other-verses are in fact connected to this universe. That is, all multiverse bubbles are just one bubble.
By definition, the other-verses have different nature constants from this universe. As this universe is just one of the verse in the Multiverse, thus, the constants of this universe must be bubble-dependent too. If we can show that the constants of this universe is *NOT* bubble-dependent, then they must be universal, and the Multiverse must be the *Universe*. And this is done and available at “Multiverse bubbles are now all burst by the math of Nature  ( )”.

With these two steps, the SUSY parousia is no more. The Nature sits there silently, blocking all detour attempts (such as the SUSY parousia), that is, no one can go over, go under or go around it. See “Silent truth, blocking all detour attempts ( )”.

Note (added on August 29, 2016):
The current (2016) mainstream physics status is this: #PostCheckmateTTF (Post Checkmate temper tantrum fit).

 Copyright © November 2013 by Tienzen (Jeh-Tween) Gong

Sunday, November 17, 2013

Why Does Dark Energy Make the Universe Accelerate?

Sean Carroll has a post "Why Does Dark Energy Make the Universe Accelerate? ( )”. The following four points are his answer.
a.     the density of dark energy is constant and *persistent*,
b.     which means the curvature of spacetime is constant,
c.      which means that the universe expands at a fixed rate.
d.     “Constant expansion rate” implies accelerating away from us, exponentially.

These are all good and correct points. But there are two problems.
i.                    “Why Does Dark Energy Make the Universe Accelerate?” is not a good question, as it already has a partial answer --- dark energy makes the universe accelerating. The good question should be “What does make the universe expanding accelerate?”
ii.                  What is the source or mechanism to keep dark energy to be constant?  While *persistent* is a fact but is not a good answer.

For the Big-bang cosmology, the universe is *finite*, that is, it has a boundary (surface). Then,
iii.                Where is that boundary?
iv.               What is outside of that boundary?
v.                 How to move that boundary to its outside?

When we answer the question iii, iv and v, we get the answers for the i. and ii automatically.  Let me give some short answers here.

For Q iii --- the answer is *Here*.
For Q iv --- the answer is *Next*.
For Q v --- the answer is *with ħ (Planck constant)*.

With these three answers, we derive the force equation: moving from {[Here (now), Now] to [Here (next), Next]} = {Delta S, Delta T} = (Delta S  x  Delta T);

                          F =  ħ/(delta S x delta T)

This is the force driving the universe accelerating outward. The details of this equation is available at 

For calculating the Planck data (dark energy = 69.2; dark matter = 25.8; and visible matter = 4.82), See  

Note (added on August 28, 2016):

The current (2016) mainstream physics status is this:#PostCheckmateTTF (Post Checkmate temper tantrum fit).

 Copyright © November 2013 by Tienzen (Jeh-Tween) Gong