Sean Carroll
has a post "Why Does Dark Energy Make the Universe Accelerate? (http://www.preposterousuniverse.com/blog/2013/11/16/why-does-dark-energy-make-the-universe-accelerate/
)”. The following four points are his answer.

a. the density of dark energy is
constant and *persistent*,

b. which means the curvature of
spacetime is constant,

c. which means that the universe expands
at a fixed rate.

d. “Constant expansion rate” implies accelerating
away from us, exponentially.

These are
all good and correct points. But there are two problems.

i.
“Why
Does Dark Energy Make the Universe Accelerate?” is not a good question, as it
already has a partial answer --- dark energy makes the universe accelerating.
The good question should be “What does make the universe expanding accelerate?”

ii.
What
is the source or mechanism to keep dark energy to be constant? While *persistent* is a fact but is not a good
answer.

For the
Big-bang cosmology, the universe is *finite*, that is, it has a boundary
(surface). Then,

iii.
Where
is that boundary?

iv.
What
is outside of that boundary?

v.
How
to move that boundary to its outside?

When we answer
the question iii, iv and v, we get the answers for the i. and ii
automatically. Let me give some short
answers here.

For Q iii
--- the answer is *Here*.

For Q iv ---
the answer is *Next*.

For Q v ---
the answer is *with ħ (Planck constant)*.

With these
three answers, we derive the force equation: moving from {[Here (now), Now] to [Here (next), Next]} =
{Delta S, Delta T} = (Delta S x Delta T);

**F = ħ/(delta S x delta T)**

This is the
force driving the universe accelerating outward. The details of this equation
is available at http://tienzengong.wordpress.com/2013/09/25/dark-energy-mystery-no-more/

For
calculating the Planck data (dark energy = 69.2; dark matter
= 25.8; and visible matter = 4.82), See https://tienzengong.wordpress.com/2015/04/22/dark-energydark-mass-the-silent-truth/

For G-string
unification details, see https://tienzengong.wordpress.com/2016/01/18/the-final-toe-theory-of-everything/

Note (added
on August 28, 2016):

The current
(2016) mainstream physics status is this:#PostCheckmateTTF (Post Checkmate
temper tantrum fit).

Seehttps://tienzengong.wordpress.com/2016/08/26/vision-eulogy-the-post-checkmate-temper-tantrum-fit/

Copyright © November 2013 by Tienzen (Jeh-Tween) Gong

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