Friday, September 23, 2011

Superluminal Neutrinos and Massive space-distance



A report on Superluminal Neutrinos (neutrino travels faster than light speed) was issued at CERN today (September 23, 2011) by OPERA experiment (http://operaweb.lngs.infn.it/?lang=en ). The general opinion among physicists is that “if that experiment is confirmed, then the Einstein’s theory on light speed limit must be amended.”  In “Super Unified Theory (SUT)” (ISBN 0-916713-02-4, Copyright # TX 1-323-231, Library of Congress Catalog Card Number 84-90325), this needs not to be the case.

In SUT, there is a speed limit for all causal events, and light travels at that causal speed limit. However, this universe has two parts; the causal universe has the boundary at the event horizon. Yet, another part of the universe sits beyond the event horizon. Today was beyond the event horizon of yesterday, and tomorrow is beyond the event horizon of today. Yet, there are linkages between these causal worlds and the beyond-causal universe. Yet, any causal signal (such as light) cannot play any part in these beyond-linkages. Please read the article “Where is Tomorrow?” at http://www.prequark.org/Mphy.htm .

For  light speed, it is guaranteed as the causal speed limit by the “Electron Fine Structure Constant, alpha”. If alpha cannot be derived theoretically without putting the “c” in it first, then there is no such a guaranteed. However, in SUT, alpha is derived theoretically without “c” being a variable (see http://prebabel.blogspot.com/2011/05/higgs-boson-bad-idea-part-four.html ) in its calculation; thus “c” being the causal speed limit is guaranteed, regardless of whether anything could be superluminal or not. 

In SUT, the prequarks are the fibers of space-time sheet, described in http://prebabel.blogspot.com/2011/09/higgs-boson-not-best-idea.html . Thus, the distance in space depends on its mass. For the given two points in a space, if the mass between the two points was seen by traveler A more than the traveler B sees, then the distance between these two points (the same two points) is longer for A. This fact can be explained with a simple analogy.

I (170 lbs) and a groundhog (2 lbs) are going through exactly ten feet distance underground (by digging a tunnel of each). My 10 feet distance can be 100 times longer than groundhog’s.

Thus, the 730 kilometer distance measured precisely with metrology could be a bit longer than neutrino’s own measurement, as it sees no mass around, having an advantage even better than groundhog’s.

Thus, regardless of the OPERA experiment or any other experiments, it (they) will not change the fact that there is a causal speed limit (guaranteed by alpha) and that light travels at that limit. Theoretical truth is must more powerful then any experimental data which is always fallible.

Saturday, September 17, 2011

Higgs Boson, a shadow of the Prequark field



In the Grenoble conference ( France, July 20, 2011), the Higgs boson was ruled out except a bump around 110 to 140 Gev area. In the Mumbai conference ( India, August 22, 2011), the hope for that bump was significantly diminished.  Then, the LHC (CMS) seminar on September 12, 2011 officially rule out the followings.
1. Any supersymmetric particle below 1 Tev.
2. Any fourth generation particle in the tested energy range.
3. The hope for the previous bump not improved.

Now, the LHC (ATLAS) seminar is scheduled on September 20, 2011 with unprecedented sensitivity of over 2fb-1 of data. Yet, I would like to make one more prediction about Higgs boson which is a bad idea two days before the ATLAS data is released.

First, the current mainstream supersymmetry theories are bad ideas for the following reasons.

The baryongenesis which encompasses the entire corporeal universe was a result of the breaking of a “perfect” symmetry.  Thus, the symmetry partner of this baryongenesis will never be a part of this corporeal universe, by definition.

In the book “Super Unified Theory” (ISBN 0-916713-02-4, Copyright # TX 1-323-231, Library of Congress Catalog Card Number 84-90325), it (in page 45) describes a cyclic universe, with matter universe and anti-matter universe appear in circles of each other, with big bangs and big crunches. This version of supersymmetry principle (different from the mainstream version) was discussed in page 79.

This version of supersymmetry has the following traits.
1. The energy conservation is maintained at the “infinite point” while the creation of “each” universe does create energy.

2. The acceleration of the expansion of the universe is the direct consequence of this constantly created new energy which comes from the forward moving time.  Yet, the “local” energy conservation is maintained as the newly created energy takes up the new space and does not increase any energy in the old space. This point was discussed in the page 50 (ibid).


In fact, as every corporeal “particle” carries a positive energy, it has two souls in order to cancel that positive energy out for the ultimate energy conservation principle.
a. The corporeal soul --- its gravity (negative energy, in this corporeal universe) which confines it in this corporeal universe.

b. The heavenly soul --- its supersymmetry partner (in the next anti-matter universe) which ensures the final energy conservation at the end (the infinite point). Thus, the mainstream supersymmetry theories are not wrong, as they do describe the soul-particles which are needed for the baryongenesis symmetry breaking. Yet, those supersymmetry particles cannot be found in this universe.


Second, the Prequark Chromodynamics (PC,  http://www.prequark.org/ ) meets all LHC results.
1. Prequark Chromodynamics (PC) needs no Higgs mechanism, as it is only a shadow of the prequark field. The mass rising mechanism of PC is described by the equation for the “Fine structure constant”, at (http://prebabel.blogspot.com/2011/05/higgs-boson-bad-idea-part-four.html ). Being the shadow of the prequark field, the Higgs mechanism is basically not wrong, but the Higgs boson is not needed.

2. In PC, the generations of quarks are color charge which is a ternary charge. That is, the fourth generation of quark is prohibited.

3.  Prequarks are not “particles”. Prequarks are the constituent parts of the quark, the same as Ocean, space and a big chunk of ice are constituent parts of a visible iceberg. That is, the prequarks are not sub-particles of quarks. Vacutron is simply the vacuum background. Angultron is a unit angle which breaks the geometric singularity point into a multidimensional space, see the page (http://prebabel.blogspot.com/2011/05/final-physics-theory.html  ). Thus, prequarks are the fibers of space-time. And, the quark is only a protrusion from the space-time. Being the fibers of space-time, prequarks give rise to the gravity directly.


With the above, although the Higgs mechanism (being a shadow of the prequark field) is not wrong, it is not the best idea.



{Note (added on April 2, 2015, months before the LHC run II):

There should be a vacuum boson {as vacuum [d (blue), -d (-yellow)] quark pair} transformed into vacuum {u (yellow), -u (-blue)}, see http://www.prequark.org/pq11.htm .


This vacuum boson's mass should be:

{Vacuum energy (about 246 Gev) divided by 2} + {a push over energy (vacuum fluctuation, about 2.46 Gev)}
= 123 + 2.46 = 125.46 Gev.

The above calculation has only one parameter: the vacuum energy. As a vacuum boson, its key feature is having a zero (0) spin.


Three years after the discovery of this new 125.4 Gev boson, the Higgs mechanism is not verified (see article form Nigel Lockyer, Director of Fermi Lab. at http://www.quantumdiaries.org/2014/04/24/massive-thoughts/ ). That is, the Higgs mechanism is wrong, totally nonsense, and of course there is no Higgs boson; it is a Vacuum Boson.
End note.}